Japanese Terminology

 

                                                             Age                   Rising
                                                          Agura                   Informal sitting with legs crossed
                                                      Arigatoo                   Thank you
                                                            Ashi                    Foot, leg
                                                      Ashikubi                   Ankle
                                                        Atama                    Head
                                                             Ate                    Smash
                                                         Barai                     Sweep, block, parry
                                                              Bo                    Wooden staff
                                                             Bu                     Military, martial
                                                          Budo                    Military arts, military way
                                                       Bunkai                    Interpretation of kata techniques
                                                        Choku                    Straight
                                                      Chudan                    Mid-level (abdomen)
                                                        Chude                    Inside to outside
                                                    Chusoku                    Ball of the foot
                                                         Dachi                    Stance
                                                           Dan                     Black belt grade
                                                              Do                    The Way
                                                           Dojo                    Training hall
                                         Doomo arigatoo                    Thank you very much (present)
                       Doomo arigatoo gozaimasu                   Thank you very much (present)
                   Doomo arigatoo gozaimashita                    Thank you very much (past)
                                                          Empi                     Elbow
                                                   Fumikomi                    Stomp
                                                        Gedan                    Low-level (groin, legs)
                                                         Geiko                    Practice
                                                           Geri                    Kick
                                                             Gi                      Uniform
                                                         Gyaku                   Reverse
                                                             Hai                     Yes
                                                       Haishu                    Back hand
                                                     Haisoku                    Instep of the foot
                                                          Haito                    Ridge hand
                                                       Hajime                    Begin
                                                   Hangetsu                    Half-moon
                                                           Hara                   Belly (spiritual center)
                                                           Hata                    Flag
                                                      Heiwan                    Forearm
                                                         Hidari                    Left
                                                            Hiji                     Elbow
                                                       Hittsui                     Knee
                                                         Hiza                      Knee
                                                        Ippon                     One point
                                                        Isshin                     One heart
                                                       Jodan                      Upper-level (head)
                                                            Juji                     Cross
                                                       Kaette                     Change direction, pivot
                                                         Kage                     Hook
                                                          Kagi                    Hook
                                                      Kaishu                      Open hand
                                                     Kakato                      Heel of the foot
                                                         Kaki                      Hook
                                                      Kama                       Sickles
                                                     Kamae                      On-guard sparring position
                                                     Karate                          Empty hand (combat)
                                                  Karate-do                      The Way of Karate
                                                  Karateka                       Karate student
                                                         Kata                       Formal set of movements
                                                      Keage                       Snap
                                                        Keiko                       Practice
                                                     Kekomi                       Thrust
                                                          Ken                        Fist
                                                    Kentsui                        Hammer fist
                                                            Ki                         Internal energy
                                                         Kiai                         Spirit focusing yell
                                                        Kiba                         Horse
                                                      Kihon                         Basics, fundamentals
                                                       Kime                          Focus
                                                         Kin                          Groin
                                                 Kiotsuke                          Attention
                                                  Kobudo                           Art of weapons
                                                     Kohai                           Student
                                                    Koken                          Wrist
                                                      Kosa                           Switch feet
                                                     Koshi                           Ball of the foot
                                                   Kumite                           Practice fighting
                                                        Kyu                            Rank below black belt
                                                    Matte                            Wait
                                                      Mae                             Front
                                             Makiwara                              Punching board
                                                  Maware                          Turn around
                                                Mawashi                            Round
                                                  Mawatte                          Turn around
                                                          Me                           Eye
                                                        Migi                            Right
                                                Mikazuki                            Crescent
                                            Mizu Gami                            Water Goddess
                                                Mokuso                             Meditation
                                                 Morote                              Double
                                                 Mushin                              Unconscious action/reaction
                                                 Musubi                             Open
                                                     Nage                            Throw
                                                 Naiwan                              Back of arm
                                                 Narande                             Line up
                                                      Neko                             Cat
                                                     Nodo                              Throat
                                                     Nukite                            Spear HAND
                                                         Obi                            Belt
                                                           Oi                             Lunge
                                                   Okare                             Class dismissed
                                   Onegai shimasu                            Please (teach me)
                                                   Otagai                          Training partner
                                              Otagai ni                            Face towards training partner
                                                  Otoshi                             Downwards
                                                       Rei                              Formal bow
                                                  Riken                              Back fist
                                                Ritsurei                              Standing bow
                                                      Ryu                             Way, method
                                                        Sai                            Three pronged weapon
                                                 Seiken                             Fore fist
                                                Seiretsu                              Line up by rank
                                                   Seito                                Student
                                                   Seiza                               Sitting position
                                                Sempai                              Mentor, sponsor (relationship)
                                                 Sensei                              Teacher
                                             Sensei ni                               Face towards the teacher
                                                    Shiai                               Contest
                                               Shihan                                Master (4th Dan and above)
                                                  Shika                                Horse
                                                    Shime                            Choke
                                               Shinbon                               Referee
                                               Shodan                               First grade black-belt
                                              Shomen                               Front or founder
                                          Shomen ni                               Face towards the front
                                                 Shotei                                Palm heel
                                                  Shuto                              Knife hand
                                                   Soke                              First master
                                                Sokuto                              Knife foot
                                                   Soto                               Outside (outside to inside)
                                                    Tate                              Vertical
                                                       Te                              Hand
                                                  Tegata                           Open hand
                                                   Teisho                           Palm heel
                                                  Teisoku                          Arch of the foot
                                                   Tekubi                          Wrist
                                                   Tettsui                          Hammer fist
                                                       Tobi                          Jumping, flying
                                                     Tonfa                          Batons
                                                       Tori                           Attacker
                                                      Tsuki                         Punch
                                            Tsumasaki                            Toe tips
                                                      Uchi                            Strike
                                                      Uchi                             Inside (inside to outside)
                                                       Ude                             Forearm
                                                        Uke                           Block
                                                        Uki                            Defender
                                                        Ura                           Backwards
                                                   Uraken                          Back fist
                                                     Ushiro                         Back, rear
                                                       Wan                          Arm
                                                      Waza                          Technique
                                                   Wazari                           Half point
                                                     Woshi                          Continue
                                                     Yame                          Stop
                                                       Yoi                           Ready
                                                    Yoko                           Side
                                                Yasume                          Rest, at ease
                                                    Zarei                          Sitting bow
                                                  Zazen                           Meditation
                                                Zenkutsu                        Front